- Nearly one-tenth of world’s international students go to study in Germany
- New bachelor-master system offers degrees which are internationally compatible
- Emphasis on interdisciplinary studies, international outlook, and theory balanced with practical applications
- Very green, environmentally aware society
- Blend of modern and traditional cultures
Germany (Deutschland), the sixth largest country in Europe by land area (349,520 square kilometres), is situated in central Europe, with coastal access to the North and Baltic Seas. It is bordered by nine other European countries to the north, east, south, and west. It comprises lowlands (north), uplands (centre), and the Bavarian Alps to the south. Berlin (in the northeast) is the capital.
The atmosphere of Germany is mild (and marine in the north), with cool, shady, wet winters and warm summers, sometimes tempered by the Föhn, a warm mountain wind. There can be stamped varieties in atmosphere from area to district.
Universal understudies living in Germany can for the most part live on €750–€950 a month: convenience €230–€400, sustenance €220, books/stationery €50 and other €250 (e.g., transport, stimulation, clothing and phone) contingent upon area and sort of lodging. Educational cost expenses, where appropriate, are an extra cost. Medical coverage is typically around €50–€60 a month. Understudy settlement is less costly than leasing a level. Global understudies ought to know that regularly pads are let empty and that there may just be a sink in the kitchen region. Inhabitants then need to give all other kitchen offices.
The fundamental structure of the German education system is similar to that of many Western countries. It consists of elementary (primary), secondary (lower and upper) and tertiary/higher education. It is in the detail – especially in relation to the range of institutions that deliver tertiary/higher education – where the differences lie. International students planning to study in Germany need to be able to identify these differences in tertiary/higher education; a brief outline follows:
- Traditional universities (Universitäten)
- Equivalent higher education institutions including technology (Technische Hochschulen or Technische Universitäten) and education (Pädagogische Hochschulen)
- Colleges of art and music (Kunsthochschulen and Musikhochschulen)
- Universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen)
- Universities of applied administrative sciences (Verwaltungsfachhochschulen)
- Professional academies for vocational education and training (Berufsakademien)
Most of these institutions are public (government). There are some privately run institutions; however, public education is the first choice for most (more than 90%).
Information Specific to International Students:
Close to 250,000 international students are enrolled at German institutes of higher education. This makes Germany among the most sought-after destination countries in the world.
International students may have to pay some minor tuition fees. However, this is a recent situation and doesn’t apply to all higher education institutions. Therefore, it is essential to source such information from the individual institution to determine if tuition fees apply.
There is a German language proficiency requirement for entry to higher education institutions, the DSH. In some situations, basic language may be accepted dependent upon the course, the level of study, and the language of instruction. German-language courses are available at most institutions.
To gain acceptance, non-European Union (EU) students may have to prove financial capability. Applications should include evidence of capacity to meet the costs of studying/living in Germany.EU regulations govern the assessment students from EU countries wishing to study in Germany. Non-EU students may need to obtain a student visa prior to entering Germany. Students should first check with the German embassy or consulate in their own country to obtain the most up-to-date information about student visa requirements. Visa application processing for long-stay visas can take several months, so students must allow sufficient processing time prior to their intended date of entry. Students who wish to seek work while studying need to check if they will need a work permit.
Within seven days of arriving in Germany, all international students must register with the relevant district administrative office. Proof of, or application for health insurance coverage, must be submitted to the district office of the AOK. After three months, all international students – regardless of country of origin – need to apply for a residence permit. International students can work while they study in Germany, and because student jobs are subsidised (entailing lower social security costs for employers), many German employers find student workers an attractive option.